Celiac.com 06/10/2023 – If you happen to undergo from celiac illness like I do you’re nicely conscious that the present and solely remedy really helpful for the illness is a lifelong adherence to a strict gluten-free weight loss program. Anybody who has tried a gluten-free weight loss program is aware of that it really works advantageous as a remedy for the illness, nevertheless it additionally could be tough to take care of, particularly when cooking, eating out, and shopping for meals (it may also be costly!). In response to one line of analysis finished over the previous few years, nevertheless, there could also be hope that sooner or later within the not too distant future we would be capable to eat gluten with out hurt. How—you ask?
In 2001 the Scandinavian Journal of Immunology revealed an article authored by a gaggle of Italian scientists whereby mice had been used to check a brand new concept referred to as immunomodulation and its capacity to deal with celiac illness. The scientists purified the protein gliadin (the part of gluten that triggers immune-mediated damage when ingested by folks with celiac illness), fractionated it, after which administered the totally different fragments intra-nasally to laboratory mice (presumably transgenic mice with induced celiac illness, though that is unclear) and famous the outcomes. They discovered that when a specific fragment of gliadin, which they seek advice from as alpha-gliadin, was administered intra-nasally it down-regulated T-cell proliferation and interferon-gamma manufacturing in response to entire gliadin in vitro. This lead the scientists to make the assertion that “these outcomes show how an immune response to a posh antigen could also be managed by remedy with a purified part and particularly point out alpha-gliadin to be a very good candidate for additional identification of quick peptides for use as tolerogens on this mannequin(1).”
Though immunomodulation sounds much like allergy remedy it’s not the identical because the cells concerned are totally different, in addition to the tactic of induced tolerance. In remedy for allergic reactions tolerance is induced by way of injections, and the goal is to scale back histamine launch, systemic anaphylactic responses, and even extreme rhinitis. In immunomodulation the antigen in query is cleaved into smaller antigens, and the combination of epitopes are used to induce tolerance through mucosal surfaces (i.e., the nostril, elements of the respiratory tract, and the alimentary tract, to call a number of). From my understanding, these are markedly totally different approaches, and the mucosal remedy seems to doubtlessly be far more highly effective and extra selective in immune-suppression ensuing in the end in tolerance to the antigen. It’s my hope that this analysis signifies a brand new avenue for the remedy of celiac illness, one which can be very quickly in coming—presumably throughout the subsequent decade. After all, questions come up as to what precisely this specific experiment means, since findings had been in vitro (i.e., check tube solely, not throughout the physique), had been finished on mice (murine research), and don’t appear to have been duplicated in people at this level, suggesting difficulties / logistical issues with the protocol because it exists— utilizing alpha-gliadin as a tolerogen to suppress immune response to dietary gliadin. Nonetheless, on the very least, this analysis indicators that analysis advances are nonetheless being made into the understanding and remedy of celiac illness, and that higher therapies and presumably even a remedy for this illness could also be on the horizon.
Maurano F, Siciliano RA, De Giulio B, Luongo D, Mazzeo MF, Troncone R, Auricchio S, Rossi M. Intranasal administration of 1 alpha gliadin can downregulate the immune response to entire gliadin in mice. Scand J Immunol 2001 Mar;53(3): 290-5. Istituto di Scienze dell’Alimentazione, CNR, By way of Roma 52, 83100 Avellino, Italy.